Scope of the Carbon Footprint

Scope of the Carbon Footprint

Scope of the Carbon Footprint

Carbon Footprint Scope 1, 2 and 3.

The carbon footprint is the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) emitted into the atmosphere as a result of human activities. The carbon footprint is classified according to different scopes, those companies that start measuring it usually focus on the carbon footprint of scope 1 and 2 as it is easier to have the necessary information for the calculation.

The Carbon Footprint is classified according to the origin of the emissions in different scopes.

Carbon footprint Scope 1

Direct emissions that occur from sources owned or controlled by the company. Such as combustion emissions (from boilers, furnaces, vehicles, etc.) and fugitive emissions from refrigerant gases, chemicals, lubricants or others.

Carbon footprint Scope 2

Indirect emissions arising from the generation of electrical or thermal energy purchased and consumed by the company. These emissions are physically generated at the installation where the electricity is generated.

Scope of the Carbon Footprint
Scope of the Carbon Footprint

Carbon footprint Scope 3

Indirect emissions that are a consequence of the company’s activities, but are generated from sources that are not owned or controlled by the company.

The categories into which these emissions are classified other than Scope 1 and 2 of the carbon footprint are:

  • Category 1: Purchase of goods and services
  • Category 2: Capital assets
  • Category 3: Emissions from fuels and energy not included in scope 1 and 2
  • Category 4: Transport and distribution (upstream)
  • Category 5: Wastes generated by the activities of organisations
  • Category 6: Business travel
  • Category 7: Secondment of employees
  • Category 8: Leased assets (upstream)
  • Category 9: Transport and distribution (downstream).
  • Category 10: Processing of products sold
  • Category 11: Use of products sold
  • Category 12: Treatment of products sold at end of life
  • Category 13: Leased assets
  • Category 14: Franchising
  • Category 15: Investments

In order for companies to manage their footprint, it is necessary to calculate emissions not only from their carbon footprint scope 1 and 2 but from all relevant scopes of the organisation and therefore involve the supply chain.

How to calculate Scope 3 emissions

At GreeMko we provide solutions to calculate scope 1 and 2 of the carbon footprint, as well as all categories of scope 3, in an automatic, simple and efficient way.

Once companies have calculated their scope 1 and 2 carbon footprint, they need to go further and measure scope 3. Scope 3 carbon footprint measurement is more complex, as the data needed to calculate it is not managed by the company itself but by third parties.

How to address Scope 3 of the Carbon Footprint?

At GreeMko we offer specialised services in the calculation of carbon footprint scope 3.

  • We automate the calculation of the carbon footprint of the purchase of goods and services, waste and emissions from fuels and energy not included in scope 1 and 2.
  • We have developed specific modules for the calculation of emissions from transport and distribution (upstream and downstream), business travel and employee commuting.
  • We carry out customised consultancy projects for each company to systematise and automate the calculation of the rest of the scope 3 categories.

To calculate the carbon footprint for Scope 1, 2 and 3, we have a database with emission factors that we keep up to date with national and international references as well as specific references for energy, transport, goods, waste and others.

Scope of the Carbon Footprint